2020年全国Ⅰ卷英语高考真题试卷(精校版word档含答案解析).docx

返回 相似 举报
2020年全国Ⅰ卷英语高考真题试卷(精校版word档含答案解析).docx_第1页
第1页 / 共24页
2020年全国Ⅰ卷英语高考真题试卷(精校版word档含答案解析).docx_第2页
第2页 / 共24页
2020年全国Ⅰ卷英语高考真题试卷(精校版word档含答案解析).docx_第3页
第3页 / 共24页
2020年全国Ⅰ卷英语高考真题试卷(精校版word档含答案解析).docx_第4页
第4页 / 共24页
2020年全国Ⅰ卷英语高考真题试卷(精校版word档含答案解析).docx_第5页
第5页 / 共24页
点击查看更多>>
资源描述:
绝密启用前2020年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国I卷)英 语注意事项1. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡和试卷指定位置上。2. 回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。3. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例How much is the shirtA. 19.15.B. 9.18.C. 9.15.答案是C。1. Where are the speakersA. At a swimming pool.B. In a clothing shop.C. At a school lab.2. What will Tom do nextA. Turn down the music.B. Postpone the show.C. Stop practicing.3. What is the woman busy doingA. Working on a paper.B. Tidying up the office.C. Organizing a party.4. When will Henry start his vacationA. This weekend.B. Next week.C. At the end of August.5. What does Donna offer to do for BillA. Book a flight for him.B. Drive him to the airport.C. Help him park the car.第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。6. Why does Pete call LucyA. To say that hell be late.B. To tell her about his work.C. To invite her to dinner.7. When is Pete going to see LucyA. At 600 pm.B. At 645 pm.C. At 800 pm.听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。8.Why does Cathy want to quit her jobA. Shell join another firm.B. Shell run her own business.C. Shes fed up with it.9. What is Marks attitude towards Cathys decisionA. Forgiving.B. Sympathetic.C. Supportive.10. What might Cathy do for the present companyA. Apply for a project.B. Train a new person.C. Recommend an engineer.听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。11. How did the man feel about his perance todayA. Greatly encouraged.B. A bit dissatisfied.C. Terribly disappointed.12. What did the man say helped him overcome the problemA. Patience.B. Luck.C. Determination.13. What is the woman doingA. Conducting an interview.B. Holding a press conference.C. Hosting a ceremony.听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。14.What is next to the apartment buildingA. A restaurant.B. A laundry.C. A grocery store.15.Which is included in the rentA. Electricity.B. The Internet.C. Satellite TV.16.What does the woman think of the apartmentA. Its quite large.B. Its well furnished.C. Its worth the money.听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。17. Where is Jeff fromA. Liverpool.B. Coventry.C. Newcastle.18.Where do young men go to watch big games according to JeffA. Pubs.B. Stadiums.C. Friends homes.19.Why does Jeff have to pick a team to supportA. To avoid being bothered.B. To open a conversation. C. To earn respect from others.20.What does Jeff mainly talk aboutA. Englands moment of success.B. English flag as a symbol of hope.C. Englands all-time favourite sport.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。ATrain InationAll customers travelling on TransLink services must be in possession of a valid ticket before boarding. For ticket ination,please ask at your local station or call 13 12 30.While Queensland Rail makes every effort to ensure trains run as scheduled,there can be no guarantee of connections between trains or between train services and bus services.Lost property(失物招领)Call Lost Property on 13 16 17 during business hours for items lost on Queensland Rail services.The lost property office is open Monday to Friday 730am to 500pm and is located(位于)at Roma Street station.Public holidays On public holidays, generally a Sunday timetable operates. On certain major event days,i.e.Australia Day, Anzac Day, sporting and cultural days, special additional services may operate.Christmas Day services operate to a Christmas Day timetable,Before travel please visit translink. com. au or call TransLink on 13 12 30 anytime.Customers using mobility devices Many stations have wheelchair access from the car park or entrance to the station plats.For assistance, please Queensland Rail on 13 16 17.Guardian trains outboundDepartOriginDestinationArrive642pmAltandiVarsity Lakes737pm729pmCentralVarsity Lakes852pm857pmFortitude ValleyVarsity Lakes952pm1102pmRoma StreetVarsity Lakes1222am21. What would you do get ticker inationA. Call 13 16 17.B. Visit translink .com.au.C. Ask at the local station.D. Check the train schedule.22. At which station can you find the lost property officeA. Altandi.B. Roma Street.C. Varsity Lakes.D. Fortitude Valley.23. Which train would you take if you go from Central to Varsity LakesA.642 pm.B.729 pm.C.857 pm.D.1102 pm.BReturning to a book youve read many times can feel like drinks with an old friend. Theres a welcome familiarity but also sometimes a slight suspicion that time has changed you both, and thus the relationship. But books dont change, people do. And thats what makes the act of rereading so rich and transative.The beauty of rereading lies in the idea that our bond with the work is based on our present mental register. Its true, the older I get, the more I feel time has wings. But with reading, its all about the present. Its about the now and what one contributes to the now, because reading is a give and take between author and reader. Each has to pull their own weight.There are three books I reread annually The first, which I take to reading every spring is Emest Hemningways A Moveable Feast. Published in 1964, its his classic memoir of 1920s Paris. The language is almost intoxicating 令人陶醉的,an aging writer looking back on an ambitious yet simpler time. Another is Annie Dillards Holy the Firm, her poetic 1975 ramble 随笔 about everything and nothing. The third book is Julio Cortazars Save Twilight Selected Poems, because poetry. And because Cortazar. While I tend to buy a lot of books, these three were given to me as gifs, which might add to the meaning I attach to them. But I imagine that, while money is indeed wonderful and necessary, rereading an authors work is the highest currency a reader can pay them. The best books are the ones that open further as time passes. But remember, its you that has to grow and read and reread in order to better understand your friends.24. Why does the author like rereadingA. It uates the writer-reader relationship.B. Its a window to a whole new world.C. Its a substitute for drinking with a friend.D. It extends the understanding of oneself.25. What do we know about the book A Moveable FeasA. Its a brief account of a trip.B. Its about Hemingways life as a young man.C. Its a record of a historic event.D. Its about Hemingways friends in Paris.26. What does the underlined word currency in paragraph 4 refer toA. DebtB. Reward.C. Allowance.D. Face value.27. What can we infer about the author from the textA. He loves poetry.B. Hes an editor.C. Hes very ambitious.D. He teaches reading.CRace walking shares many fitness benefits with running, research shows, while most likely contributing to fewer injuries. It does, however, have its own problem.Race walkers are conditioned athletes. The longest track and field event at the Summer Olympics is the 50-kilometer race walk, which is about five miles longer than the marathon. But the sports rules require that a race walkers knees stay straight through most of the leg swing and one foot remain in contact 接触 with the ground at all times. Its this strange that makes race walking such an attractive activity, however, says Jaclyn Norberg, an assistant professor of rcise science at Salem State University in Salem, Mass.Like running, race walking is physically demanding, she says, According to most calculations, race walkers moving at a pace of six miles per hour would burn about 800 calories卡路里 per hour, which is approximately twice as many as they would burn walking, although fewer than running, which would probably burn about 1,000 or more calories per hour.However, race walking does not pound the body as much as running does, Dr. Norberg says. According to her research, runners hit the ground with as much as four times their body weight per step, while race walkers, who do not leave the ground, create only about 1.4 times their body weight with each step.As a result, she says, some of the injuries associated with running, such as runners knee, are uncommon among race walkers. But the sports strange does place considerable stress on the ankles and hips, so people with a history of such injuries might want to be cautious in adopting the sport. In fact, anyone wishing to try race walking should probably first consult a coach or experienced racer to learn proper technique, she says. It takes some practice.28. Why are race walkers conditioned athletesA. They must run long distances.B. They are qualified for the marathon.C. They have to follow special rules.D. They are good at swinging their legs.29. What advantage does race walking have over runningA. Its more popular at the Olympics.B. Its less challenging physically.C. Its more effective in body building.D. Its less likely to cause knee injuries.30 What is Dr. Norbergs suggestion for someone trying race walkingA. Getting experts opinions.B. Having a medical checkup.C. Hiring an experienced coach.D. Doing regular rcises.31. Which word best describes the authors attitude to race walkingA. Skeptical.B. Objective.C. Tolerant.D. Conservative.DThe connection between people and plants has long been the subject of scientific research. Recent studies have found positive effects. A study conducted in Youngstown,Ohio,for example, discovered that greener areas of the city experienced less crime. In another,employees were shown to be 15 more productive when their workplaces were decorated with houseplants.The engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT)have taken it a step further changing the actual composition of plants in order to get them to per diverse,even unusual functions. These include plants that have sensors printed onto their leaves to show when theyre short of water and a plant that can detect harmful chemicals in groundwater. Were thinking about how we can engineer plants to replace functions of the things that we use every day,explained Michael Strano, a professor of chemical engineering at MIT. One of his latest projects has been to make plants grow(发光)in experiments using some common vegetables. Stranos team found that they could create a faint light for three-and-a-half hours. The light,about one-thousandth of the amount needed to read by,is just a start. The technology, Strano said, could one day be used to light the rooms or even to turn tree into self-powered street lamps. in the future,the team hopes to develop a version of the technology that can be sprayed onto plant leaves in a one-off treatment that would last the plants lifetime. The engineers are also trying to develop an on and offswitchwhere the glow would fade when exposed to daylight.Lighting accounts for about 7 of the total electricity consumed in the US. Since lighting is often far removed from the power source(电源)such as the distance from a power plant to street lamps on a remote highway-a lot of energy is lost during transmission(传输). Glowing plants could reduce this distance and therefore help save energy. 32. What is the first paragraph mainly aboutA. A new study of different plants.B. A big fall in crime rates.C. Employees from various workplaces.D. Benefits from green plants.33. What is the function of the sensors printed on plant leaves by MIT engineerA. To detect plants lack of water B. To change compositions of plants C. To make the life of plants longer.D. To test chemicals in plants.34. What can we expect of the glowing plants in the futureA. They will speed up energy production.B. They may transmit electricity to the home.C. They might help reduce energy consumption. D. They could take the place of power plants.35. Which of the following can be the best title for the textA. Can we grow more glowing plantsB. How do we live with glowing plantsC. Could glowing plants replace lampsD. How are glowing plants made pollution-free第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。A Few Tips for Self-AcceptanceWe all want it to accept and love ourselves. But at times it seems too difficult and too far out of reach. 36 Heres a handful of ways that will set you in the right direction. 37 Do not follow the people who make you feel not-good-enough. Why do you follow them Are you hoping that eventually you will feel empowered because your life is better than theirs Know that your life is your own;you are the only you in this world.Forgive yourself for mistakes that you have made. We are often ashamed of our shortcomings, our mistakes and our failures. 38 You will make mistakes, time and time again. Rather than getting caught up in how you could have done better, why not offer yourself a compassionate 有同情心 response That didnt go as planned. But, I tried my best.Recognize all of your strengths. Write them down in a journal. Begin to train your brain to look at strength before weakness. List all of your accomplishments and achievements. You have a job, earned your degree, and you got out of bed today. 39 Now that youve listed your strengths, list your imperfections. Turn the page in your journal. Put into words why you feel unworthy, why you dont feel good enough. Now, read these words back to yourself. 40 Turn to a page in your journal to your list of strengths and achievements. See how awesome you areA. Feeling upset againB. Where do you startC. Nothing is too small to celebrate.D. Remember, you are only human.E Set an intention for self-acceptance.F. Stop comparing yourself with others.G. When does the comparison game start第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Since our twins began learning to walk, my wife and I have kept telling them that our sliding glass door is just a window. The 41 is obvious. If we 42 it is a door, theyll want to go outside 43 . It will drive us crazy. The kids apparently know the 44 . But our insisting its 45 a window has kept them from 46 millions of requests to open the door.I hate lying to the kids. One day theyll 47 and discover that everything theyve always known about windows is a 48 .I wonder if 49 should always tell the truth no matter the 50 . I have a very strong 51 that the lie were telling is doing 52 damage to our children
展开阅读全文

最新标签

copyright@2015-2019 知海文库信息技术咨询

网站备案号:冀ICP备18037993号-1

知海文库交流群:QQ群:812468598